The world celebrated Hepatitis Day and here is what you must know about Hepatitis:
# There are five unique hepatitis viruses – A, B, C, D and E. Hepatitis A is most commonly transmitted through consumption of contaminated water or food. It can also be spread through sex or via injecting drugs.
# Hepatitis B virus is transmitted through exposure to infected blood, semen, and other body fluids.
# Hepatitis C is the most common type of hepatitis and transmitted through exposure to infected blood by injection drug use, unprotected sex is also possible, although less common.
# Hepatitis D infections occur only in those who are infected with hepatitis B. Chronic hepatitis D can increase the risk of developing cirrhosis, scarring of the liver caused by continuous, long-term liver damage.
# The hepatitis E virus is mostly transmitted through consumption of contaminated water or food and occasionally lead to acute liver failure.
Symptoms: Acute infection may occur with limited or no symptoms, or may include symptoms such as jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), dark urine, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
Prevention's: Vaccinations, blood transfusions, and other healthcare procedures can further prevent the spread of hepatitis B and C, while promoting hygienic and clean food and water can reduce the risk of hepatitis A and E infection.
With a better understanding of prevention, awareness and timely diagnosis, thousands of lives could be saved every year.